The cabbage is undoubtedly the most important green crop. It is very popular with the amateur gardener as it does not call for a great deal of attention, and can be grown on almost any soil, although it prefers a good deep loam, and will produce better crop3 if grown under its own special conditions.
The soil should be well dug, to give plenty of room for root growth. Also a good quantity of manure should be worked into the soil. Cabbages can be grown at almost any time and are in use practically all the year round, although the spring crop is the main supply.
For this main crop seeds should be sown from July to August, the later date applying to warmer districts. Rake the soil to a fine tilth and sow the seeds in drills 9 inches apart. As soon as the seedlings can be handled they should be planted into a similar bed, transplanting to their final position in September, during showery weather. For this the average size cabbages are set 18 inches apart and 18 inches between the rows. If the distance between the rows is increased to, say, 2 feet, a catch crop may be grown, such a3 Colewort, setting them 1 foot apart between the rows.
For summer and autumn use, seeds should be sown in March, and for a continuous supply, at fortnightly intervals after this.
When cutting the cabbages it is a good plan to leave a few of the bottom leaves on the stem. These will later sprout out and form tender heads, which can be used and are much appreciated as young, tender plants.
The lied cabbage, which is grown for pickling purposes, is sown in July and August. The culture is almost the same except that they need more room for development, and take longer to mature. The distance between the rows and the plants should be at least 3 feet.
A few varieties suitable for cultivation in the amateurs garden are:
Hyatts Early Ojfcnham. Flower of Spring. Harbinger. Webbs Emperor. Wheelers Imperial.
FOR SPRING AND SUMMER SOWING: Christmas Drumhead. Ellams Early. Earhj Dwarf York. Express. Enfield Market.
Scarlet Gem. Red Dutch.