How To Cultivate Apples
Plant half-standards 18 feet apart, bushes 10 to 12 feet apart, espaliers 14 feet apart. Prune to make a shapely tree first. After this, prune to encourage fruit spurs, in the following way. Cut back the leaders, i.e.. the main branches, a little, to an outside bud. Cut back all laterals, i.e.. side growths on the branches, to within 1 inch of the old wood.
There will be several buds on the lateral below the point at which it is cut, and one of these will probably develop into a fruit bud during the next season. If it does, cut away all the wood above it at the next pruning timo. If it does not, cut back the sub-laterals, i.e.. the stems that have developed from the shortened lateral, to 1 inch from their base. This process is what is called spur pruning.
Some varieties respond more readily to this treatment than others, and where difficulty is experienced, lighter pruning is advised.
Those self-fruitful, and suit-able for planting alone, include: Irish Peach, Devonshire Quarrenden, Rev. W. Wilks, and Lord Derby. For a mixed plantation, the best ten for dessert are: Beauty of Bath, Lady Sudeley, James Grieve, Worcester Pearmain, Ellisons Orange, Charles Boss, Alli7igto7i Pippin, Rival, Coxs Orange, Laxloiis Superb, and these will provide fruits, in the order given, from August to February. For a similar sequence among cooking varieties plant Early Victoria, Grenadier, Rev. W. Wilks, Lanes Prince Albert and Eduxird VII.