France began the making of carpets in the seventeenth century. A factory started in 1664 at Beauvais preceded the more famous Les Gobelins, and is still running. It is true that more or less spasmodic attempts were made by Henry VIII and James I to assist the production of carpets, and the latter founded a factory at Mortlake for the purpose, but the refugees who fled from France as a consequence of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) and settled in England, reali – established the industr -. Wilton and Axminster have been associated with the floor coverings named after them for over two hundred years, for the weavers of those towns were granted a charter in 1701. Tying Knots in Stretched String
A MACHINE that was last to England for a time, owing to the lack of confidence of its inventor, was the loom for pattern-weaving. Joseph Mario Jacquard, a Frenchman, happened to sec an announcement that the Society of Arts was offering a prize for a lace-making machine. The son of poor silk weavers, he determined to compete, but when his apparatus was ready it looked so crude that he had not sufficient courage to send it in. A friend took the matter up, and to the inventors astonishment he was summoned before Napoleon.
Are you the man who pretends to do what God Almighty cannot do – tie a knot in stretched string? Asked General Carnot, who was present at the interview. Jacquard was not dismayed by this abrupt question. I can only do what God has taught me to do, was the modest reply. The inventor found Napoleon, always anxious to strike a blow at British industries, a willing patron, but for some time Jacquard met with bitter opposition from both manufacturers and weavers.
Crossing to England, his loom was taken up with something approaching enthusiasm. With the result that his own country suffered because her manufacturers could not compete. Eventually Jacquard returned to France, and his apparatus proved so successful that it was declared public property. The inventor was granted a pension and a royalty on each machine that was made. The device could be applied to any loom. A power loom invented by Albert S. Bigclow, an American medical student, was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851, and not only astonished the world but revolutionized the industry. British Carpets Trill Brussels is what is known as a wire-piled carpet, and as the pile is of uncut loops, it is exceedingly durable. Originally from Flanders, it has now little to show of its origin, though the width of the piece is the Flemish ell. The Tapestry Brussels, a cheaper type, differs from the former in that the warp is printed. Wiltons are made on the same type of loom, but the loops are cut, which gives a velvety surface. They are made both seamed and seamless.
The Chenille Axminster is made of the finest wool, and is therefore of soft finish