Growing Loganberries, mulberries and veitchberries

LOGANBERRY

A cross between the American raspberry and the blackberry. It is self-fertile. This fruit will grow well on heavy soils, but will thrive best on a moist, but well-drained deep rich loam. Treatment is similar to that of raspberries but the loganberry will often flourish where the former gives unsatisfactory results.

Propagation. By layering in August. The new plant should be ready for planting in permanent position in October to November. Propagation by division of roots in October is also practised.

Growing Loganberries, mulberries and veitchberries Planting. Should be done in October, 5 ft.’ to 6 ft. apart ; the shoots should be trained fan-wise, or as an espalier on a trellis or wire fence. Growth is much more rampant than with raspberries and the plants require more careful training.

Pruning. After fruiting time, all old growths should be cut right down to the base, and only the most vigorous growing of the new shoots should be kept and carefully tied to the wires.

Plants will continue to bear fruit from to to 15 years.

BLACKBERRIES

Although common hedgerow plants will do well under cultivation, only good fruiting kinds of nursery grown stock should be used.

VEITCHBERRIES

A cross between the November Abundance raspberry and the common blackberry. The fruits are a mulberry colour and ripen after raspberries and before blackberries. Cultivation as loganberries.

LOWBERRIES

Black fruits similar in shape to the loganberry, but with the flavour of the blackberry which it also resembles in habit of growth.

MULBERRY

Soil and Situation. Succeed best in rich, rather moist, but not waterlogged soil. Should be given a sunny position.

Planting. From late October to mid-March as for apples. Trees should be spaced at least 30 ft. apart.

Form of Training. Almost always grown as a standard.

Pruning. In the early stages of growth the trees are shaped in the same way as young apples. Later, when mature, little or no pruning is required.

Routine Feeding. Usually unnecessary.

Routine Pest Control. Unnecessary.

Propagation. By seeds sown under glass in March or outdoors in May. Also by cuttings, partly of current and partly of two year old wood inserted half their depth in sandy soil in autumn. By layering whippy branches in autumn and by grafting on to seedlings in March.

Varieties. The Black Mulberry is the variety usually planted for fruiting.

A fine mulberry tree is often seen as a feature in old gardens, but of recent years fewer have been planted.

Almost any garden soil suits the mulberry, but on heavy clay the fruit may not ripen properly. It can tolerate the smoky conditions of town gardens, but appreciates a position on a wall or in a sheltered corner in cold localities.

Mulberry leaves are much in demand by children who keep silkworms, as the worms thrive on them.

The fruits resemble large red blackberries and have a pleasant acid flavour ; they ripen in August and September and fall from the tree when ripe. For this reason mulberries are best planted in lawns, where the falling fruit can be gathered easily. When the tree is on dug ground, much of the fruit is spoilt by getting covered with soil. Mulberry jelly can be made and the berries are delicious in tarts.

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