Pinkish-white. Found in woods from March to May. Flower has six delicate petals; grows singly on a thin stalk, 4 to 8 inches high.
Bell Flower (Campanula).
Blue to purple, according to variety. Found in woods and hedges from July to September. Similar to the garden Campanula. The ivy-leaved Bell Flower has a pale colour, five petals and an ivy-shaped leaf. Stem, from a few inches to three feet.
Belongs to the convolvulus family. White or pinkish. Found in hedges and on coarse ground from June to September. The flower is trumpet-shaped. It closes at night. Stalks, climbing, and sometimes several feet in length.
Birdsfoot Trefoil. —
Yellow. Found on waste ground and pasture land from May to August. The flower is the same shape as that of the pea, but much smaller. The blossoms are not numerous. The stem is straggling, and the flower is on a long stalk.
Few plants are better known than the Bramble, generally found on waste spaces or hedges. It is perennial as far as roots are concerned, but the fruiting branches are biennial. Leaves irregular, generally five leaflets; flower a delicate pink or pinkish-white; berries, first green, then purplish red, and finally black. The plant is generally covered with prickles.
Blue. Found in woods and shady places (usually damp spots) in May and June. Flower bell-shaped, edges fringed by six sections, slightly curled. Stem, 6 to 8 inches high.
Yellow. Shrub 3 to 7 feet high. Found on wastes and commons in May and June. Flower like that of the pea. Do not confuse with gorse or furze, the latter has a spiny stem: broom has no spines, but a square stem.
Purple. Found on moorland and in hedges from July to September. Flower, a round ball, provided with a multitude of hooked spikes. They occur in clusters at leaf joints. Stem, 3 feet high.
Buttercup.-—Yellow. Found chiefly in meadows in mid spring. Flower has five glazed petals, and singly at end of its stem. Height generally about 6 to 8 inches.
Campion. Bladder Campion.
White flushed with purple. Found in fields and hedges from June to August. Flower has five petals, each being indented. Grows out of large bulbous cup-bearing ridges. Stem, 1 to 2 feet.
Red Campion.-—Dark or light red, also pink. Otherwise as Bladder Campion, but without so large a bladder. Stem, 2 to 3 feet high.
Flowers white, occurring in saucer-like clusters, many of which give the floral head an umbrella-like appearance. Leaves fern-like. Stems hollow except at joints. Individual flowers tiny, but clusters may be several inches in diameter, and plant often grows 5 feet high.
Yellow. Found in banks and hedges from March to May. Flower has four petals and grows one at a time, at the end of a short, hairy stalk, radiating from the top of the main stem.
Red, pink or white, found in fields, or where grass is growing, in summer. Flower a domed cluster of pea-shaped florets. Leaf trefoil, but sometimes there are four, even five and six leaflets. Stem 2 to 3 inches high.
Yellow, with brown spots. Found in pastures in April and May. Flower trumpet-shaped with flattened mouth. There are five curves to the edge. Each occurs on separate stalk generally 4 to 9 inches high.
Yellow. Found on commons all the year round. Flower pea-shaped, growing on its own stalk, and occurring in groups or singly. Grows in bush form, leaves of which have become formidable spines.
Purple-blue. Found on waste lands from March to July. Flowers in whorls of three to six. Each is trumpet-shaped; white in centre, with two red dots on lower part of lip. Stem, 2 to 3 feet high.
Yellow. Found in fields and gardens nearly all year. Petals mere yellow hairs set in green cup. Plant seldom more than nine inches high.
Blue. Found on heath and moor from July to September. Flower a delicate bell, divided into five parts. Stalk slender and graceful, G to 12 inches in height.
Purple-pink. Flower a bell, occurring in clusters at top of long brittle stem. It occurs all up the stalk, interspersed with leaves. Plant, 1 to 3 feet high.
Cream and Pink. Found in woods and hedges in July, and again in October. Flower formed of a number of tubes, splitting open into series of tongues with curved tips. Long filaments found in each tube. A climber which may attain great height.
White, or very pale lilac, often pinkish. Found in damp places, March to June. Flower has four petals and usually shows the veins. They occur in small bunches at head of stem, 6 to 12 inches high.
Golden yellow. Found in ditches or by waterside, from March to May. Flower large, having what appear to be five burnished petals. The centre is hairy. ‘ Stalks thick, fleshy and hollow, a foot high. Leaves, heart-shaped with wavy outline.
Cream. Found by waterside, June to August. Flower is very small, and four or five petals can be seen with difficulty. Occurs in great numbers together, forming large clusters. Stem, 3 to 4 feet high.
Nettle. Dead Nellie .
Not really a nettle, although foliage is similar. It has white or reddish flowers, clustered around main stem. Each has a long lip of snapdragon type. Dead Nellie has a stem square in section: Stinging Nettle is round. Height of both, 2 feet. There is a yellow variety —very showy. Latter is found in woodland districts and is not so common as the red or white.
This has long hanging threads for its blossoms. They are dull greenish white in colour.
Nightshade. Deadly Nightshade (Belladonna) —Flower, purple Found in wastes and quarries from June to August. Flower a bell with five sections: one flower to a stalk. Stem stiff and somewhat hairy, 3 to 4 feet high. Very poisonous.
Woody Nightshade (Bittersweet). —
Purple flowers with five pointed petals and a yellow centre. Flowers occur in loose clusters. Plant has long trailing stalks possessing no hooks or tendrils for climbing. Support is gained by leaning against suitable .stems and shoots of other growths. Leaves pointed and usually heart-shaped. Exceedingly poisonous. Height of stalks, 6 feet. Flowers small.
There are several varieties, the chief being:
Bee Orchid—-Three brown lips with yellow spots and three sepals which look like petals. Shape vaguely suggest the bee. Found in open ground where there is chalk or limestone, June and July. Strap-shaped leaf.
Bird’s Nest Orchid.
Yellow-brown flowers and stem. Trumpet-shaped flower with lowest lobe of opening split into two at edge. Behind, this lobe is depressed to form a cavity. Other lobes form a hood at opening of the trumpet. Found in beech forests, June and July. No green on any part of the plant.
White trumpet-shaped flowers. The mouth is oval. The upper lip is short but pointed, lower lip consists of three long, narrow, pointed sections. Found on high ground, June to August.
Purple trumpet-shaped flowers of which the lowest lobe is the largest. It is as wide as long, and the under edge divided into three sections; sides turned back. Leaves are spotted with purple. Found in moist, chalky places from April to May.
Blue. Found in rocky formations and among trees, in spring. Low lying plant with long trailing stalks. Flower has five curved petals, and a leaf something like that of privet, a trifle glossy. Stem, about a foot high.
Red. Found in fields, chiefly where there is a chalky soil, June to August. There are four delicate petals, two of which are smaller than the others. In centre is a brownish purple knob. Stalks hairy and about 1 to 2 feet high. There are several varieties.
Yellow. Found on banks and in woods in May. Flower has five petals, notched at the edge; a little brownish star in centre. Stalk is fleshy, about 6 inches long; leaf long, fleshy, oval, and wide at tip, and crinkled all over surface. There are two types, male and female. There is no other flower of this colour known.
Ragged Robin;—Rose-coloured. Found by waterside, May and June. Flower has five petals, each cut into shreds, hence name ‘ragged.’ Stem, stiff and much branched; slightly sticky near top; 1 to 2 feet high.
Rose. Field Rose.
Wild roses vary considerably, and botanists are not agreed as to points which distinguish various species. The Field Hose is trailing in habits; leaves small and somewhat shiny. Prickles small but distinctly hooked. Flowers white, but little or no scent, while fruit is rather globular. Hips are scarlet. Common all over England, but seldom met with in Scotland or Ireland.
Flower small ; generally a deep pink, but colour varies considerably. The fragrant foliage gives the name to the plant. Found in hedgerows or in open copses, and is partial to chalk. Both stems and foliage show brownish-red tint.
Tiny reddish flowers growing along a leafless spike, perhaps 6 inches high. Leaves reddish, chiefly springing from the root, and having a pair of tapering tips at lower ends which are horn-shaped. Grows in rough meadow ground.
Star of Bethlehem.
White. Found in woods and meadows, May and June. Onion-like bulb with white flowers having six star-shaped apparent petals, a little upturned centre cup with yellow points. Strap-shaped leaves. Stem, 18 inches high.
Various colours, but generally yellow. Found in crevices of rock and old walls during summer. Flower, a five-pointed star. Stalk very fleshy and covered all over with scale-like leaves. Plant seldom exceeds a few inches in height.
Thistle, Spear Plume.
Purple. Found in waste ground in summer. Flower, a mass of threads which forces its way out of the summit of a prickly green cone. Prickles on stalk and leaves, very sharp and pointed. Stem, 2 to 5 feet high. Over a dozen varieties of thistle.
White. Found on chalk, July to September. Flower has four apparent petals, and the centre is a crowd of little projections. When it dies, the fruit is a mass of fluff, hence, alternate name ‘ Old Men’s Beards.’ A climbing shrub.
This is a wild pea. Three kinds may be noted, though there are several others.
Pinkish purple. Found in hedges, 1 to 2 feet high, April to September. Flowers occur four to six in a group at the axil of the leaves. The latter are oval.
Yellow, and flowers are grouped in domed clusters. Grows 6 inches high.
Bright blue. Found in hedges, June to September. Flowers occur regularly along a stiff stalk, branching from main stem. Leaves long but narrow. Grows 3 to 6 feet high, by climbing.
Violet in colour. Found in copse, hedge and under trees,
April to June. Five petals with a splash of white in centre, and often a point of red. Plant, no more than a few inches high.
A rich yellow. Found on walls from April to June. Four petals in purplish cup. Plant, 10 to 15 inches high. Garden escapes are found frequently.
Reddish yellow. Found in coarse ground, June to September. Very small flowers growing in pyramidal clusters. Grows from 2 to 4 feet high.