The cashew is native to Brazil but is widely distributed throughout the tropics, having been carried by early explorers, particularly the Portuguese. The name cashew is derived from the Portuguese caju, which the Portuguese themselves adopted
from the original Indian acaju. The plant produces both a nut and a fruit which is sometimes known as a cashew pear. The
nut is white, sweet, and kidney-shaped, and can be roasted or salted and served with drinks. The fruit can be eaten with
or without preparation, as it has a pleasant, although tart, taste. In Goa, on the west coast of India, the fruit is used
to make a strong liqueur.