Capsicum, meaning ‘little case’ in Latin, is the family name for a wide range of peppers, large and small. Capsicums were
originally South American plants, but were introduced into Hungary in the sixteenth century, and are now closely
associated with Hungarian cooking.
Bell peppers are large, varying in colour between red, yellow and green, and in strength from sweetish to hot and pungent.
Other peppers can be red or green, long or round, and can differ greatly in size. Depending on their degree of strength, they can be used as vegetables, or simply for flavouring.